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Author: Ashley Riley


By Ashley Riley 0 Comment January 14, 2021

According to Aristotle, Virtue is a habit of preferences. It is the habit of being in the middle about us, which a sane person chooses by using his mind. Aristotle divides the concept of “virtue” into two for himself. Intellectual virtue and character virtue. While the source of intellectual virtues is education, the source of […]

Which flower blames other because it is yellow ?

By Ashley Riley 0 Comment January 12, 2021

When the word racism is mentioned what comes to mind ? Racism is an ideology that defensing “1>1” proposition. If we check dictionary, it defined as “ A belief that other races of people not as good as your own.” Recently today, we can explain it as a qualmish sickness. Racism is one of the […]


By Ashley Riley 0 Comment January 10, 2021

John Locke lived later than Hobbes, and it coincided with the “Glorious Revolution” era. According to Locke, Leviathan is a state where people protect themselves but are content with allegiance to power. The reason people feel safe is that people are watched over by a “lion”. From Locke’s point of view, human beings are in […]

End Justification the Means

By Ashley Riley 0 Comment January 10, 2021

Ethical debates should be made in this discourse of Machiavelli. Rather than referring to Immanuel Kant’s debates on universal morality, if we examine it more simply, where the goal legitimates the means, it is important what the goal is, to whom and to what it is good. Since I think that politics should not be […]

Elitist Plurality

By Ashley Riley 0 Comment January 10, 2021

As power is unevenly distributed in non-homogeneous societies, elites significantly influence political outcomes / events due to their strong strategic position. For example, according to Mills, there are 3 types of elite groups. These are political leaders, military leaders, and managers of large companies. These three groups form an elite class and share power. Because they share […]

Poverty and Gender Inequality

By Ashley Riley 0 Comment January 9, 2021

Paula Tavares and Natalia Martins evaluate the economic conditions for women during the Covid-19 pandemic process in their article “We Can’t End Poverty Without Tackling Gender Inequality” published in the World Bank Blogs on 16th October 2020. Tavares and Martins highlight gender inequality, claiming that we are going against the goal of ending poverty by 2030. […]


By Ashley Riley 0 Comment December 29, 2020

Let’s examine the perspectives of these three famous thinkers who made great contributions to the science of sociology.   According to Weber, Societies become rational with each passing time. The reason for this is the need for information. A bureaucracy arises since it will bring specialization as well as knowledge. This bureaucracy is similar to […]

Driverless Cars

By Ashley Riley 0 Comment December 29, 2020

In his 2016 article, “Driverless Cars Works Great in Sunny California. But How about in Blizzard?” Brian Fung, a Washington Post writer questions whether driverless cars are prepared for unforgiving climate conditions. He cites analysts saying that driverless cars are not prepared however due to a number of challenges. To clarify his point, he highlights […]

Dispelling The Myth of Robotic Efficiency

By Ashley Riley 0 Comment December 24, 2020

In his article ” Dispelling the myth of robotic efficiency ” Crawford (2012) argues that if space travel is made to learn about the Universe, robots should be used instead of astronauts for best results. The author is right, arguing that people are more beneficial than robots and that people react according to their senses […]

3D Power

By Ashley Riley 0 Comment December 17, 2020

According to Steven Lukes who is a British political and social theorist, power has 3 dimensions. The first of these is the concept he calls “One Dimensional Power”. According to this concept, it is a successful venture where A gets B do something that B would not otherwise do. It is the power that A […]