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Category: Education


By Ashley Riley 0 Comment January 10, 2021

John Locke lived later than Hobbes, and it coincided with the “Glorious Revolution” era. According to Locke, Leviathan is a state where people protect themselves but are content with allegiance to power. The reason people feel safe is that people are watched over by a “lion”. From Locke’s point of view, human beings are in […]

Inputs and Outputs in Systems

By Ashley Riley 0 Comment December 13, 2020

System theory explains the functions of politics by applying its analysis. It is about how authoritarian decisions are made in a society and how those decisions are implemented. The boundary of the political system is determined by all actions whose consequences concern society. This system has inputs and outputs. Entries are requests from the public. […]

Ring of Gyges

By Ashley Riley 0 Comment December 8, 2020

Gyges is a shepherd in the service of the Lydian king. One day the ground cracks due to a hurricane or an earthquake, and a deep cleft opens where the animals graze. Descending into this cleft, the shepherd finds a bronze horse with a hollow inside and a hole on the top. When you bend […]


By Ashley Riley 0 Comment November 30, 2020

Leviathan thoroughly contends that respectful peace and social solidarity are best accomplished by the foundation of a commonwealth through social contract. Hobbes’s perfect commonwealth is ruled by a majestic control capable for ensuring the security of the commonwealth and allowed outright specialist to guarantee the common defense. In his presentation, Hobbes portrays this commonwealth as […]

Peace Threat

By Ashley Riley 0 Comment November 24, 2020

Many of the conflicts in today are connected to the nationalism, but nationalism is not always a bad concept. If people’s of any country support the civic nationalism, there is no problem at there. However, ethnic nationalism is a totally different concept. There is an opinion that any nation is superior to others in ethnic […]

No Definition, Universal Explanation

By Ashley Riley 0 Comment October 25, 2020

Law has more than one explanation, but there is no common definition. Even when examined etymologically, a common root cannot be found. However, we can make a general definition of Law. Law is a body of rules in the community which is implemented by a sovereign authority. It intervenes in a possible disorder by ensuring […]


By Yasin Alkan 0 Comment August 6, 2020

Since social sciences are not experimental like other formal sciences, they do not give the same data / results everywhere and in every situation. Precise conclusions cannot be drawn, as the variables are difficult to analyze and distinguish due to their differences and structures. Although this situation is close to instrumentalism, it is fundamentally different. […]

Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis

By Yasin Alkan 0 Comment August 6, 2020

If we simply define the Sapir Whorf Hypothesis, it means that language determines the way the person understands the world. There are many examples that demonstrate this situation, which is a hypothesis that languages affect the way people think. For example, in some regions, the concepts of east-west are used instead of concepts such as […]

Mandela Effect

By Yasin Alkan 0 Comment August 6, 2020

People tend to believe in the scenarios produced by their minds when they do not have enough concrete evidence against any event. Our memory also ignores the particles that make up the event while recording the events. When this happens, events and situations that happened in the past but are not certain are valued beyond […]

“Suddenly “ Online Education

By Yasin Alkan 0 Comment August 6, 2020

Physical participation in the university institution was very valuable in the past. Thanks to the university, information could be accessed, the services offered by the university could be accessed and interactions could be made with different cultures. When we come to the 21st century, especially with the emergence and unavoidable progress of the internet, it […]