Inputs and Outputs in Systems
By Ashley Riley
System theory explains the functions of politics by applying its analysis. It is about how authoritarian decisions are made in a society and how those decisions are implemented. The boundary of the political system is determined by all actions whose consequences concern society. This system has inputs and outputs. Entries are requests from the public. As a result of these inputs, the political system starts to function. For example, there is a demand from the society, demand evaluates by authorized people, and demand is met in a way that is valid in the system. But not every demand goes into the system. There are guards who decide whether the requests will enter the system or not. Demands are not enough on their own, and there must be “support” in dynamics with demand. For example, the people want road construction and pay taxes for it. Or the government apparatus that embodies the solution is supported. The way the request is applied also shows the regime. The decisions taken and the applications made as a result are legitimized in this way. A balance must be struck between inputs and outputs. Failure of the members of the system to obtain sufficient output may cause regime change. (However, As we have seen throughout history, no revolutionary movement started in the absence of output. For example, as we saw even in the French Revolution, the revolution was ignited while living conditions improved. Maybe, these days that is why dictatorial regimes do not return from their oppressive and non-outputting policies)
Along with Easton, Almond also contributed to System theory and characterized the inputs and political functions by the system. Government has little role in input functions, according to Almond, who is more concerned with social life than Easton. Inputs are social functions, outputs are governmental. His important contribution to the input-output equation is that he explains the encouragement of participation in political culture through Political Socialization. Describes the actions between interest articulation and political interests and demands. He says that with the Merge of Interest, demands are blended with the benefits of political parties or groups. Finally, referring to Political Communication, he mentions that communication is the building block in politics.
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