By Ashley Riley
Let’s examine the perspectives of these three famous thinkers who made great contributions to the science of sociology.
According to Weber, Societies become rational with each passing time. The reason for this is the need for information. A bureaucracy arises since it will bring specialization as well as knowledge. This bureaucracy is similar to Plato’s definition of the ideal state. Conflict will be inevitable as the group holding power continues to protect it and the group that wants to take power takes action to do so. Politics,according to Weber, distribution of power and power relations are everywhere.
Unlike Marx (to have or not/class-based economic order) he believes in stratification(social order based on status) . Makes the class-status-party examination. According to Weber, salaried employee is separated from the material means of production.The state gains autonomy as the aforementioned “rationalization” brings modernity. Because according to modernity, the ruling class is completely separated from the material means of production.
According to Durkheim, the state should play a moral as well as an economic role, and disturbances in modern societies should generally be tried to be remedied by moral rather than economic measures. There is a concept of anomie. This concept refers to the ineffectiveness of the norms of value in society. It is inversely proportional to the Collective Consciousness. According to Durkheim, when there is no morality, the individual becomes a prisoner of his insatiable passions. Therefore, he sees the state on this basis. According to Durkheim, the state keeps individuals under control and liberates them with its pressure. But when the state makes a decision, it does not accept that it comes from society. According to him, the state is autonomous.
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