By Ashley Riley
According to Steven Lukes who is a British political and social theorist, power has 3 dimensions.
The first of these is the concept he calls “One Dimensional Power”. According to this concept, it is a successful venture where A gets B do something that B would not otherwise do. It is the power that A has over B to do something that B do not do under normal conditions by being affected by situations such as promise / threat (this can be change in every condition) by A.
For example: In the Banana Republic, a party claiming to claim national values supports the separatist policies implemented by the ruling party. Imagine that the ruling party publishes the letter of an organization leader who is seen as a threat to the integrity of the country in the mainstream media, and this other party acknowledges this.
There is a decision making process of this dimension.
The second of these is the concept he calls “Second Dimensional Power.” According to this concept, This is a Power A has that does not allow B to even express or convey B’s possible requests. It is a matter of silencing, covering up and perhaps even eliminating any request requested by B without fulfilling it.
For example : blocking any claim (before the claim spreads around) against the interests of the decision maker represents this situation. There is a generation of instability here. This is achieved through the control of mass media and the organization of powerful groups.
The last of this concept he calls “Third Dimensional Power” . According to this concept, A exercises power over B by directly influencing, shaping or even governing B’s desires.
For example: Some movements are not seen as wrong or even supported, even if they are against the interests of some classes / groups in society. There is ideological control here. As Chuck Palahniuk said, “The things I want are the things I actually educated to want.”
This view is contrary to Foucault’s view of power, since power, according to Foucault, does not involve only subjects. Power is everywhere. Power is transmitted through mutual practices.
image credit : http://3dimensionsofpower.blogspot.com/