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Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis

Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis

By Yasin Alkan 0 Comment August 6, 2020

If we simply define the Sapir Whorf Hypothesis, it means that language determines the way
the person understands the world. There are many examples that demonstrate this situation, which
is a hypothesis that languages affect the way people think. For example, in some regions, the
concepts of east-west are used instead of concepts such as right-left, while in some places, a place is
described according to the position of the clock. While one person describes an event that takes
place at 11 o’clock, the other person will be able to understand if the other person has the same
language and culture, while a person who is dominant in the eastern language will first try to decide
“which is the 11 o’clock” of the clock. Let’s give an even more familiar example, there is more than
one word describing the camel in the Arabic languages, while the camel animal has no equivalent in
the Eskimo language. When examined in the technical part, we see the effect of grammatical
structure on the sentence. The shape of the verb in English determines the meaning of the sentence,
while in Russian or Turkish the subject comes before the verb. Again, let’s look at the articelles with
chromosome content loaded on the items. While the word “key” is a masculine concept in German, it
appears as a feminine in Spanish. Again, in some languages, the concept of time is never accessible
and unattainable, while in some languages the concept of time can be controlled. For example, When
asking for time in Asian languages, it is asked “what clock it is?”, not “what time it is?”.
This is not a hypothesis that Benjamin Lee Whorf and Edward Sapir produced by working
together. It is a study that emerged as a result of researches conducted by Whorf and his students
after Edward Sapir. Different theories suggest that languages emerge in the evolutionary process,
and that each language actually comes from basically similar places and the brain decides how to
shape it. Regardless, it should not be forgotten that language learning has more meaning than just
the ability to speak a different language. “ People see the world not as it is, as their mother tongue


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